Documentation / Introduction to Threat Jammer User API

  ☕ 12 min read

By Diego Parrilla 

Introduction to Threat Jammer User API

Developers can use the User API interact with the different databases, heuristics and machine learning processes.

Introduction

Threat Jammer supports two end-user REST APIs: the User API and the Report API. The end-user uses the User API to interact with the different databases, heuristics, and machine learning processes. Devices use the Report API to interact with Threat Jammer. This document will explain how to use the User API and interact with the different services, create a token, interpret the quota information, and create the HTTP request to interact with the User API.

How to connect

The User API can run in multiple geographical places called regions. A region contains all the technology stack needed to deliver the Threat Jammer experience closer to your location. Here goes the list of regions and each fully qualified domain name:

FQDNRegionProviderEnabled?
dublin.api.threatjammer.comDublinAWSYes

These regions are Public. It means a developer-only needs to obtain an API key when signing up and using the service. Private Regions are only available on-demand to selected customers. Don't hesitate to get in touch with sales for more information.

Credentials

All the endpoints in the different regions only need a valid API key for the specific region. The API keys are region-specific. If a developer tries to use an API key of the dublin.api.threatjammer.com region in the virginia.api.threatjammer.com region or vice versa, it will return an error. Please create a region-specific API key suitable to your needs.

To learn more about the Authentication with the Bearer tokens, please read the previous chapter Threat Jammer API keys.

The Live Test page

All the endpoints have a Live Test page where developers can test all the different endpoints available. The URI is /docs and the full URL is https://REGION.api.threatjammer.com. For example, if a developer wants to open the Live Test Page in Paris, the URL is https://dublin.api.threatjammer.com/docs.

The Threat Jammer site also has a direct access from the dropdown menu:

Threat Jammer Test Live menu access

API version

The User API follows a semantic versioning schema. Given a version number MAJOR.MINOR.PATCH, increment the:

  1. MAJOR version when the User API has incompatible changes,
  2. MINOR version when we add functionality in a backward-compatible manner, and
  3. PATCH version when we make backward-compatible bug fixes.

We don't use additional labels in production environments.

The current MAJOR version is 1. You can read the current versions at the top of the page closer to the page's title and in the URI of all the endpoints available.

Note: The User API is in General Availability (GA), but the overall service is still in Beta. So only the Free subcription type is available. Other subscription types will be available when the API changes to GA version.

Threat Jammer API version

Building a HTTP request to the API

All the User API endpoints will need the following pieces of information to build a request:

  1. The API key. Please learn how to obtain it in the previous chapter Threat Jammer API keys.
  2. The region. The region is API-specific.
  3. The version of the API. Currently, it can only be v1.
  4. Add the HTTP header 'accept: application/json'.
  5. The verb of the endpoint: POST, GET, PUT or DELETE.
  6. The endpoint with the desired service.
  7. The requests with GET and DELETE verbs will have parameters in the Querystring.
  8. The requests with POST and PUT verbs will include the parameters as a JSON object in the request's body.

Example: Read the ASN information of Google in the region of Paris with the API version v1. The endpoint is /asn/{number} with a GET verb. The full detail of the endpoint is in the documentation of the Live Test site.

curl -X 'GET' \
  'https://dublin.api.threatjammer.com/v1/asn/15169' \
  -H 'accept: application/json' \
  -H 'Authorization: Bearer YOUR_API_KEY'

If the request succeeds, the service will return an HTTP code 200 and a JSON object with the information. For a complete description of the JSON object, read the documentation in the Live Test site.

{
  "self":"/v1/asn/15169",
  "name":"GOOGLE",
  "description":"",
  "country_code":"US",
  "registry_date":"20000330",
  "registry":"/v1/asn/registry/arin",
  "status":"/v1/asn/status/assigned",
  "prefixes":"/v1/asn/15169/prefixes",
  "score":0,
  "risk":"LOW"
}

Overall description of the HTTP responses

Succesful responses

Valid responses can only be a 200 HTTP OK code. All the responses will carry a payload in different formats. JSON will be the default format, and other formats allowed are in the endpoint documentation. Some endpoints allow CSV and customized formats for AWS, for example.

The JSON object can contain four different types of values:

  • the self reference to the object. It plays the role of a unique ID.
  • references to other objects reachable thanks to other API calls to other endpoints. In our example, the list of prefixes of the ASN is a different endpoint.
  • Values as strings, integers, or floats.
  • A nested array of JSON objects.

Error responses

All handled error responses will return a 4xx HTTP error code. It will also produce a JSON object with the following structure:

{
  "title": SHORT_DESCRIPTION_OF_THE_ERROR,
  "detail": MORE_DETAILS_ABOUT_THE_ERROR,
  "type:": LINK_TO_A_LONGER_DESCRIPTION_OF_THE_ERROR
}

Unhandled error responses will probably return an exception and a stack dump. Please report them to our support team.

Service Groups

The number of different endpoints available in the User API are constantly growing. They have been grouped by common use cases.

Threat Jammer User API endpoint groups

Data assesment

The Data assessment endpoints in this group answer the following questions:

How risky is a resource and why?

The different endpoints process the resources and return the highest risk found in why a specific test is relevant.

Example: Get the risk score and the different factors of an IP address.

From the command-line:

curl -X 'GET' \
  'https://dublin.api.threatjammer.com/v1/asses/ip/212.231.12.22' \
  -H 'accept: application/json' \
  -H 'Authorization: Bearer tja_ZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ'

From the Live Test site: Threat Jammer User API Assess

the JSON object returned:

{
  "self": "/v1/assess/ip/212.231.12.22",
  "score": 70,
  "risk": "MEDIUM",
  "datasets": [
    "/v1/dataset/ip/FORUM_ACCOUNT_ABUSE"
  ],
  "sources": [
    "/v1/source/ip/STOPFORUMSPAM_TOXIC/range/7D"
  ],
  "first_appearance": [
    "/v1/log/ip/id/3394366"
  ],
  "last_appearance": [
    "/v1/log/ip/id/4249652"
  ],
  "asn": "/v1/asn/15704",
  "asn_prefix": "/v1/asn/prefix/212.231.0.0.0%252F16",
  "reason": "Found in one or more denylist datasets.",
  "reported": "",
  "denylisted": "",
  "allowlisted": "",
  "datacenter": ""
}

The computed risk score obtained is 70 with a MEDIUM risk because the Assessment Engine found the IP address in a denylist database. This information can give the user enough confidence to make an informed decision at their side.

Suppose the user wants to go deeper into the assessment decision process. In that case, it can query the information about:

  • what datasets were affected
  • the name of the denylists
  • when IP addresses appeared
  • the Autonomous System
  • the Datacenter provider
  • if the user reported it
  • or if the user entered the IP address in private deny or allow lists.

The developer will have to follow the links given and build a larger picture of the potential threat to access this information.

There are endpoints that allow batch processing of the resources posting a large JSON object or a CVS file.

Data logging

The Data logging endpoints in this group give insights about when a resource appeared in the database or when it left the database.

This list of changes is an influential factor in the risk score calculation. It's also a piece of valuable information in threat intel, forensics, and data analysis.

Datasets can filter the information returned by the endpoint and the first date found.

Autonomous System information

The Autonomous System information endpoints has information about the prefixes of the internet AS providers plus a pre-calculated risk score based on the activity of the networks and the frequency of report of the IP addresses in suspicious activities.

The AS has a risk and score pre-calculated, and each IPv4 and IPv6 prefix found have also a pre-calculated risk and score for a fine-grained assessment.

Datacenter Information

The Datacenter information endpoints have information about datacenter-only networks ranges and their owners. Following the AS approach, it also has a pre-calculated risk score based on the activity of the networks and the frequency of reports of the IP addresses in suspicious activities.

The Datacenter has risks and scores pre-calculated, and each IPv4 and IPv6 network found has a pre-calculated risk and score for a fine-grained assessment.

AS and Datacenter endpoints can look the same but are not the same. Sometimes the risk factors can be the same, but they should be interpreted as different signals.

Platform datasets

The Platform datasets endpoints is a superset of different sources of data that Threat Jammer classify by the type of suspicious activity they perform. Examples of Platform Datasets are:

Platform datasetsDescription
ABUSEIP addresses reported abusive actions.
ANONYMOUS_PROXYAnonymous Proxy providers.
ANONYMOUS_VPNAnonymous VPN providers.
BOGONSIP addresses and CIDRs of BOGONS.
FORUM_ACCOUNT_ABUSEIP addresses reported abusive actions in public forums.
REPUTATIONIP addresses reported malicious actions.
TORTor, The Onion Router.

Data sources

The Data sources endpoints return information about OSINT or CSINT denylists that Threat Jammer uses to calculate the risk and score in the assessment processes.

Threat Jammer picks several relevant time frames for each Data source depending on how frequently the data changes. It can range from 1 hour to 365 days. A Data source with a 1-hour time range will contain the resources found in the last hour. A Data source with 365 days time range will include the resources found in the last 365 days. The time ranges are:

Time rangesDescription
1HLast hour
6HLast six hours
12HLast 12 hours
1DLast 24 hours
7DLast seven days
30DLast 30 days
90DLast 90 days
180DLast 180 days
365DLast 365 days

Other relevant information about the Data sources are:

  • The Dataset it belongs to.
  • Where it was found.
  • How often does it change.
  • The minimum risk and score in the time range.
  • The maximum risk and score in the time range.

Denylist data query and management

Denylist data query and management lets users manage their private denylists of resources. The Assessment Engine will classify the resource with the maximum risk and score if there is a match during the assessment process. Maximium risk.

There are two different sets of features:

  1. Reported IP quey and data management
  2. Private denylist IP query and data management

A user can only insert into the Reported IP addresses storage from the Report API. The Report API design allows fast asynchronous communication from external devices like Honeypots, CDNs with serverless functions, and other threat detection agents that need to publish the information in a non-blocking way. A user can manage these resources with this endpoint.

Thanks to the Private denylist IP query and data management, a user can insert, update, delete or retrieve any IP address using the API. Threat Jammer will handle this set differently from the Reported IP addresses.

Allowlist data query and management

Allowlist data query and management lets users manage their private allowlist of resources. The Assessment Engine will classify the resource with the lowest risk and score if there is a match during the assessment process. All the assessment processes will stop if the resource is in the whitelist discarding any other factors.

A user can insert, update, delete or retrieve any IP address using the API.

Public Allowlist data query and management

Public allowlist data query and management lets users manage what public datasets of resources will not take part in the assessment process of the Assessment Engine.

Thanks to this feature, a company could bypass any kind of assessment of the traffic coming from:

  • Apple Private Relay
  • Google Bots
  • Tor
  • etc.

Geolocation

Geolocation lets users obtain an accurate location of an IP address. It also allows batch processing or CVS file upload.

What's next

We recommend starting testing our API in the Live Test site first, and then read some of the Tutorials available in our site to get a better understanding of all the capabilities of the service.

Visiting the community site is also an excellent place to ask for help, or our support services

Found a typo? Other suggestions?

Edit this page on GitHub

Version:0.0.2

Published on 2022-01-12

Modified on 2022-04-13

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